Adaptive Scuba Resource Library

This library a list of refereed articles on the topic of adaptive scuba. To be on this list, a paper must have undergone peer-review and been published in a scientific or academic journal.

Paper Title:

Can scuba diving offer therapeutic benefit to military veterans experiencing physical and psychological injuries as a result of combat? A service evaluation of Deptherapy UK

ABSTRACT:

Purpose: To explore the effectiveness of scuba diving in providing therapeutic and rehabilitative benefit to ex-service personnel who have experienced traumatic physical and/or psychological injuries resulting from combat.

Methods: This study took the form of a service evaluation of Deptherapy, a UK-based niche charity offering support to military veterans who have experienced life-changing injuries. Deptherapy provides scuba diving qualifications, consisting of theory and practical diving experience, to participants alongside a Peer Support Buddy scheme that provides continuing support to servicemen involved with the charity. A total of 15 male veterans were invited to take part in the study. The methodology comprised retrospective and current quantitative measures of mental well-being and functional ability, utilising the General Health Questionnaire-28, and subsequent semi-structured interviews with participants, their families and health professionals.

Results: Participants reported an improvement in levels of anxiety, depression and social functioning, and a reduction in insomnia, following their involvement in organised scuba diving activities. There was a mean average difference of 14.3 points improvement on the General Health Questionnaire-28 scale variants between prior interaction with Deptherapy and current perceptions following engagement with the programme. The positive perceptions, as indicated from the semi-structured interviews, were more pronounced in those whose injuries were predominantly psychological, rather than physical.

Conclusion: Scuba diving can offer significant therapeutic benefits, particularly for ex-military amputees experiencing co-morbid anxiety and/or chronic psychological adjustment disorders, notably in terms of improvements in social dysfunction and symptomology of depression.

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Peer-Reviewed Articles

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Seeing from Below: Scuba Diving and the Regressive Cyborg

Paper Title: Seeing from Below: Scuba Diving and the Regressive Cyborg This article reimagines scuba diving as a form of ethnographic immersion that allows humans to experience life on earth…
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Permanent Mechanical Deformation of an Intrathecal Baclofen Pump Secondary to Scuba Diving: A Case Report

Paper Title: Permanent mechanical deformation of an intrathecal baclofen pump secondary to scuba diving: a case report ABSTRACT: Objectives:To describe the case of a spinal cord injury patient that went…
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SCUBA Diving for Individuals with Disabilities

Paper Title: SCUBA Diving for Individuals with Disabilities ABSTRACT: Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving has become an increasingly popular recreational activity, enjoyed by millions of individuals. There has also…
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Psychosocial Aspects of Scuba Diving for People with Physical Disabilities: An Occupational Science Perspective

Paper Title: Psychosocial Aspects of Scuba Diving for People with Physical Disabilities: An Occupational Science Perspective ABSTRACT: Purpose. This project investigated the psychosocial benefits of scuba diving for individuals with acquired…
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Underwater Acoustic Source Localisation Among Blind and Sighted Scuba Divers

Paper Title: Underwater Acoustic Source Localisation Among Blind and Sighted Scuba Divers ABSTRACT: Objectives: Many blind individuals demonstrate enhanced auditory spatial discrimination or localisation of sound sources in comparison to sighted…
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An Exploratory Study of Adaptive Scuba Diving’s Effects on Psychological Well-Being among Military Veterans

Paper Title: An Exploratory Study of Adaptive Scuba Diving’s Effects on Psychological Well-Being among Military Veterans ABSTRACT: Because many military veterans face mental health issues, it is important to research…

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